Multiple Chemical Sensitivity

Bibliography: Organic Physical Basis for MCS


Bibliography of all scientific articles, editorials, books, book chapters and reports that support findings of a physical/organic basis and/or that critique findings of a psychological basis for Multiple Chemical Sensitivity disorders

(excluding those published in journals of Clinical Ecology and letters to editors)

311 Published Through September 1999, Alphabetically Sorted by Author

Compiled by Albert Donnay, MHS
MCS Referral & Resources
6101 Gentry Lane, Baltimore, MD 21210
Please call (410) 889-6666 to inform us of any additions or corrections

Comprehensive MCS Bibliography:

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1. Adamec, R. 1994. Modelling anxiety disorders following chemical exposures. Toxicol.Ind.Health 10:391-420.

2. Anderson, J.H. 1997. Reactions to carpet emissions: A case series. J Nutr Env Med 7:177-185.

3. Anderson, R.C. and J.H. Anderson. 1997. Toxic effects of air freshener emissions. Arch Environ Health 52:433-441.

4. Anderson, R.C. and J.H. Anderson. 1998. Acute toxic effects of fragrance products. Arch Environ Health 53:138-146.

5. Anderson, R.C. and J.H. Anderson. 1999. Sensory irritation and multiple chemical sensitivity. Toxicol Ind Health 15:339-345.

6. Antelman, S.M. 1994. Time-dependent sensitization in animals: a possible model of multiple chemical sensitivity in humans. Toxicol.Ind.Health 10:335-342.

7. Asero, R. 1998. Detection of patients with multiple drug allergy syndrome by elective tolerance tests. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 80:185-188.

8. Ashford, N.A. and C.S. Miller. 1991. Chemical Exposures: Low Levels and High Stakes, 1st edition. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York.

9. Ashford, N.A. and C.S. Miller. 1992. Case Definitions for Mulitple Chemical Sensitivity. In Multiple Chemical Sensitivities: Addendum to Biologic Markers in Immunotoxicology. AnonymousNational Academy Press, Washington, D.C. 41-63.

10. Ashford, N.A. and C.S. Miller. 1993. Mulitple chemical sensitivity. Health Env.Digest 6:11

11. Ashford, N.A. and C.S. Miller. 1998. Chemical Exposures: Low Levels and High Stakes, 2nd edition. Wiley & Sons, New York.

12. Ashford, N.A. 1999. Low-level chemical sensitivity: implications for research and social policy. Toxicol Ind Health 15:421-427.

13. Baker, G.P. 1997. Intimidation of researchers by special-interest groups [letter; comment]. N Engl J Med 337:1314-5;:discussion 1315-6.

14. Baldwin, C. M., Bell, I. R., O'Rourke, M., Nadella, M., and Lebowitz, M. D. Personal and parental cardiopulmonary and diabetes: medical risk ratios in a community sample with and without sensitivity to chemical stressors, Presentation at the 16th Annual Meeting of the Society of Behavioral Medicine, March 22-25, 1995. 1995. San Diego, CA.

15. Baldwin, C.M., I.R. Bell, M. O'Rourke, and M.D. Lebowitz. 1997. The association of respiratory problems in a community sample of self-reported chemical intolerance. Eur J Epidemiol 13:547-552.

16. Baldwin, C.M. and I.R. Bell. 1998. Increased cardiopulmonary disease risk in a community-based sample with chemical odor intolerance: implications for women's health and health- care utilization. Arch Environ Health 53:347-353.

17. Baldwin, C.M., I.R. Bell, M. O'Rourke, S. Nadella, and M.D. Lebowitz. 1998. Allergen risk ratios for a community sample with and without self-reports of multiple chemical sensitivity. Chem Senses 20:661-662.

18. Baldwin, C.M., I.R. Bell, and M.K. O'Rourke. 1999. Odor sensitivity and respiratory complaint profiles in a community- based sample with asthma, hay fever, and chemical odor intolerance. Toxicol Ind Health 15:403-409.

19. Bannikov, E.A. 1986. [A method of determining the sensitivity to chemical substances in experimental studies and in patients with occupational dermatitis using the erythrocyte sedimentation reaction]. Gig.Tr.Prof.Zabol. 45-46.

20. Baraniuk, J.N., D.J. Clauw, and E. Gaumond. 1998. Rhinitis symptoms in chronic fatigue syndrome. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 81:359-365.

21. Barnes, P.J. 1990. Neurogenic inflammation in airways and its modulation. Arch.Int.Pharmacodyn.Ther. 303:67-82.

22. Barnes, P.J. 1991. Neurogenic inflammation in airways. Int.Arch.Allergy Appl.Immunol. 94:303-309.

23. Bartha, L., W. Baumzweiger, D.S. Buscher, T. Callender, K.A. Dahl, A.L. Davidoff, A. Donnay, S.B. Edelson, B.D. Elson, E. Elliott, D.P. Flayhan, G. Heuser, P.M. Keyl, K.H. Kilburn, P. Gibson, L.A. Jason, J. Krop, R.D. Mazlen, R.G. McGill, J. McTamney, W.J. Meggs, W. Morton, M. Nass, L.C. Oliver, D.D. Panjwani, L.A. Plumlee, D.J. Rapp, M.B. Shayevitz, J. Sherman, R.M. Singer, A. Solomon, A. Vodjani, J.M. Woods, and G. Ziem. 1999. Multiple Chemical Sensitivity: A 1999 Consensus. Arch Environ Health 54:147-149.

24. Bascom, R. 1991. The upper respiratory tract: mucous membrane irritation. [Review] [40 refs]. Environ Health Perspect 95:39-44.

25. Bascom, R. 1992. Multiple chemical sensitivity: a respiratory disorder? Toxicol.Ind.Health 8:221-228.

26. Bascom, R. 1992. Differential responsiveness to irritant mixtures. Possible mechanisms. Ann.N.Y.Acad.Sci. 641:225-247.

27. Bealer, S.L. and D.V. Smith. 1975. Multiple sensitivity to chemical stimuli in single human taste papillae. Physiol.Behav. 14:795-799.

28. Bell, I.R. 1975. A kindling model of mediation for food and chemical sensitivities: biobehavioral implications. Ann.Allergy 35:206-215.

29. Bell, I.R. 1982. Clinical Ecology. Common Knowledge Press, Bolinas, CA.

30. Bell, I.R. 1987. Environmental illness and health: the controversy and challenge of clinical ecology for mind-body health. Advances 4:45-55.

31. Bell, I.R., C.S. Miller, and G.E. Schwartz. 1992. An olfactory-limbic model of multiple chemical sensitivity syndrome: possible relationships to kindling and affective spectrum disorders. Biol.Psychiatry 32:218-242.

32. Bell, I.R., G.E. Schwartz, J.M. Peterson, and D. Amend. 1993. Symptom and personality profiles of young adults from a college student population with self-reported illness from foods and chemicals. J.Am.Coll.Nutr. 12:693-702.

33. Bell, I.R., G.E. Schwartz, J.M. Peterson, D. Amend, and W.A. Stini. 1993. Possible time-dependent sensitization to xenobiotics: self- reported illness from chemical odors, foods, and opiate drugs in an older adult population. Arch.Environ.Health 48:315-327.

34. Bell, I.R., G.E. Schwartz, J.M. Peterson, and D. Amend. 1993. Self-reported illness from chemical odors in young adults without clinical syndromes or occupational exposures. Arch.Environ.Health 48:6-13.

35. Bell, I.R., E.J. Markley, D.S. King, S. Asher, D. Marby, H. Kayne, M. Greenwald, D.A. Ogar, and S. Margen. 1993. Polysymptomatic syndromes and autonomic reactivity to nonfood stressors in individuals with self-reported adverse food reactions. J.Am.Coll.Nutr. 12:227-238.

36. Bell, I.R. 1994. White paper: Neuropsychiatric aspects of sensitivity to low- level chemicals: a neural sensitization model. Toxicol.Ind.Health 10:277-312.

37. Bell, I.R., G.E. Schwartz, D. Amend, J.M. Peterson, and W.A. Stini. 1994. Sensitization to early life stress and response to chemical odors in older adults. Biol.Psychiatry 35:857-863.

38. Bell, I.R., J.M. Peterson, and G.E. Schwartz. 1995. Medical histories and psychological profiles of middle-aged women with and without self-reported illness from environmental chemicals. J Clin Psychiatry 56:151-160.

39. Bell, I.R., J.M. Peterson, and G.E. Schwartz. 1995. Medical histories and psychological profiles of middle-aged women with and without self-reported illness from environmental chemicals. J Clin Psychiatry 56:151-160.

40. Bell, I.R., J.K. Wyatt, R.R. Bootzin, and G.E. Schwartz. 1995. Slowed reaction time performance on a divided attention task in elderly with environmental chemical odor intolerance. Int.J Neurosci. 84:127-134.

41. Bell, I.R., E.E. Hardin, C.M. Baldwin, and G.E. Schwartz. 1995. Increased limbic system symptomatology and sensitizability of young adults with chemical and noise sensitivities. Environ Res 70:84-97.

42. Bell, I. R., Glowa, J., Sheridan, J., Hudnell, Hk, MacPhail, Rc, Miller, D, Tilson, H, Benignus, V, Boyes, W, Bushnell, P, and Gilbert, M. Workshop on Animal Models of Nervous System Susceptibility to Indoor Air Contaminants, Summary Report, October 19-21, 1994. 1-61. 1995. Chapel Hill, NC, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

43. Bell, I.R., R.R. Bootzin, T.P. Davis, V. Hau, C. Ritenbaugh, K.A. Johnson, and G.E. Schwartz. 1996. Time-dependent sensitization of plasma beta-endorphin in community elderly with self-reported environmental chemical odor intolerance. Biol Psychiatry 40:134-143.

44. Bell, I.R., R.R. Bootzin, C. Ritenbaugh, J.K. Wyatt, G. DeGiovanni, T. Kulinovich, J.L. Anthony, T.F. Kuo, S.P. Rider, J.M. Peterson, G.E. Schwartz, and K.A. Johnson. 1996. A polysomnographic study of sleep disturbance in community elderly with self-reported environmental chemical odor intolerance. Biol Psychiatry 40:123-133.

45. Bell, I.R. 1996. Clinically relevant EEG studies and psychophysiological findings: possible neural mechanisms for multiple chemical sensitivity. [Review]. Toxicology 111(1-3):101-117.

46. Bell, I.R., G.E. Schwartz, C.M. Baldwin, and E.E. Hardin. 1996. Neural sensitization and physiological markers in multiple chemical sensitivity. [Review] [74 refs]. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 24:Pt 2):S39-47

47. Bell, I.R., C.S. Miller, G.E. Schwartz, J.M. Peterson, and D. Amend. 1996. Neuropsychiatric and somatic characteristics of young adults with and without self-reported chemical odor intolerance and chemical sensitivity. [Review] [114 refs]. Arch Environ.Health 51:9-21.

48. Bell, I.R., M.E. Walsh, A. Goss, J. Gersmeyer, G.E. Schwartz, and P. Kanof. 1997. Cognitive dysfunction and disability in geriatric veterans with self reported intolerance to environmental chemicals. J.Chronic Fatigue Syn. 3:15-42.

49. Bell, I.R., G.E. Schwartz, R.R. Bootzin, and J.K. Wyatt. 1997. Time-dependent sensitization of heart rate and blood pressure over multiple laboratory sessions in elderly individuals with chemical odor intolerance. Arch Environ Health 52:6-17.

50. Bell, I.R., J.P. Kline, G.E. Schwartz, and J.M. Peterson. 1998. Quantitative EEG patters during nose versus mouth inhalation of filtered room air in young adults with and without self-reported chemical intolerance. Int J Psyshophysiol 58:50-57.

51. Bell, I.R., G.E. Schwartz, C.M. Baldwin, E.E. Hardin, and J.P. Kline. 1998. Differential resting quantitative electroencephalographic alpha patterns in women with environmental chemical intolerance, depressives, and normals. Biol Psychiatry 43:376-388.

52. Bell, I.R., C.M. Baldwin, and G.E. Schwartz. 1998. Illness from low levels of environmental chemicals: relevance to chronic fatigue syndrome and fibromyalgia. Am J Med 105:74S-82S.

53. Bell, I.R., R. Patarca, C.M. Baldwin, N.G. Klimas, G.E. Schwartz, and E.E. Hardin. 1998. Serum neopterin and somatization in women with chemical intolerance, depressives, and normals. Neuropsychobiology 38:13-18.

54. Bell, I.R., L. Warg-Damiani, C.M. Baldwin, M.E. Walsh, and G.E. Schwartz. 1998. Self-reported chemical sensitivity and wartime chemical exposures in Gulf War veterans with and without decreased global health ratings. Mil.Med 163:725-732.

55. Berg, M., B.B. Arnetz, S. Liden, P. Eneroth, and A. Kallner. 1992. Techno-stress. A psychophysiological study of employees with VDU- associated skin complaints [see comments]. J.Occup.Med. 34:698-701.

56. Berglund, B. and T. Lindvall. 1986. Sensory reactions to "sick buildings". Environ Int 12:147-159.

57. Berkson, J. 1994. Patient statement: a canary's tale. Toxicol.Ind.Health 10:323-326.

58. Bland, J., E. Barrager, and R. Reddy. 1995. A Medical Food-Supplemental Detoxification Program in the Management of Chronic Health Problems. Alt.Therapies 62-71.

59. Blondell, J. and Dobozy, V. A. EPA Memorandum: Review of chlorpyrifos poisoning data. January 14, 1997. 1997. Washington, DC, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Prevention, Pesticides and Toxic Substances. 1997.

60. Boyles, J.H., Jr. 1985. Chemical sensitivity. Diagnosis and treatment. Otolaryngol.Clin.North Am. 18:787-795.

61. Brain, J.D., B.D. Beck, J.A. Warren, and R.A. Shaikh. 1988. Variations in Susceptibility to Inhaled Pollutants: Identification, Mechanisms, and Policy Implications. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD.

62. Brandt-Rauf, P.W., L.R. Andrews, and J. Schwarz-Miller. 1991. Sick-hospital syndrome. J.Occup.Med. 33:737-739.

63. Broughton, A., J.D. Thrasher, and Z. Gard. 1988. Immunological evaluation of four arc welders exposed to fumes from ignited polyurethane (isocyanate) foam: antibodies and immune profiles. Am.J.Ind.Med. 13:463-472.

64. Brown-DeGagne, A.M. and J. McGlone. 1999. Multiple chemical sensitivity: a test of the olfactory-limbic model. J Occup Environ Med 41:366-377.

65. Brown, A.E. 1999. Developing a pesticide policy for individuals with multiple chemical sensitivity: considerations for institutions. Toxicol Ind Health 15:432-437.

66. Brown, E.A. and N.J. Colombo. 1954. The asthmogenic effect of odours, smells, and fumes. Ann.Allergy 12:14-24.

67. Buchwald, D. and D. Garrity. 1994. Comparison of patients with chronic fatigue syndrome, fibromyalgia, and multiple chemical sensitivities. Arch.Int.Med. 154:2049-2053.

68. Buchwald, H. 1972. The elusive miasma: problems of abnormal responses to atmospheric contaminants. Ann.Occup.Hyg. 15:379-391.

69. Burrell, R. 1992. Antigen Specific and Antigen Non-Specific Immunization. In Multiple Chemical Sensitivities: Addendum to Biologic Markers in Immunology. AnonymousNational Academy Press, Washington,D.C. 77-87.

70. Calabrese, E.J. 1978. Pollutants and High Risk Groups: Biological Basis of Increased Human Susceptibility to Environmental and Occupational Pollutants. Wiley, New York, NY.

71. Calabrese, E.J. 1984. Age and Susceptibility to Toxic Substances. Wiley-Interscience, New York, NY.

72. Calabrese, E.J. 1986. Ecogenetic Variations in Susceptibility to Environmental Agents. Wiley, New York, NY.

73. Calabrese, E.J. 1994. High-risk population groups. Protecting those with genetic predisposition to adverse effects following exposure to chemicals. In Occupational Medicine. C. Zenz, O.B. Dickerson, and E.P. Horvath Jr., editors. Mosby-Year Book, Inc., St. Louis, MO. 800-812.

74. California Senate Subcommittee on the Rights of the Disabled. Multiple Chemical Sensitivity and Environmental Illness. 1992. Sacramento, CA, Senate Publications.

75. Callender, T., L. Morrow, K. Subramanian, D. Duhon, and M. Ristovv. 1993. Three-dimensional brain imaging in patients with toxic encephalopathy. Environ.Res. 60:295-319.

76. Callender, T.J., L.A. Morrow, and K. Subramanian. 1993. Evaluation of chronic neurological sequelae after acute pesticide exposure using SPECT brain scans. J.Toxicol.Ind.Health 41:275-284.

77. Castleman, B.I. and R.A. Lemen. 1998. The manipulation of international scientific organizations [editorial]. Int.J.Occup.Environ.Health 4:53-56.

78. Cometto-Muniz, J.E. and W.S. Cain. 1994. Sensory reactions of nasal pungency and odor to volatile organic compounds: the alkylbenzenes. Am Ind Hyg Assoc J 55:811-817.

79. Cone, J.E., R. Harrison, and R. Reiter. 1987. Patients with multiple chemical sensitivities: clinical diagnostic subsets among an occupational health clinic population. [Review] [64 refs]. Occup Med 2:721-738.

80. Cone, J.E. and D. Shusterman. 1991. Health effects of indoor odorants. Environ.Health Perspect. 95:53-59.

81. Cone, J.E. and T.A. Sult. 1992. Acquired intolerance to solvents following pesticide/solvent exposure in a building: a new group of workers at risk for multiple chemical sensitivities? Toxicol.Ind.Health 8:29-39.

82. Corrigan, F.M., S. MacDonald, A. Brown, K. Armstrong, and E.M. Armstrong. 1994. Neurasthenic fatigue, chemical sensitivity and GABAa receptor toxins. Med Hypotheses 43:195-200.

83. Cullen, M.R., P.E. Pace, and C.A. Redlich. 1992. The experience of the Yale Occupational and Environmental Medicine Clinics with multiple chemical sensitivities, 1986-1991. Toxicol.Ind.Health 8:15-19.

84. Daniell, W.E., H.L. Stockbridge, R.F. Labbe, J.S. Woods, K.E. Anderson, D.M. Bissell, J.R. Bloomer, R.D. Ellefson, M.R. Moore, C.A. Pierach, W.E. Schreiber, A. Tefferi, and G.M. Franklin. 1997. Environmental chemical exposures and disturbances of heme synthesis. Environ Health Perspect 105 Suppl 1:37-53:37-53.

85. Davidoff, A.L. and L. Fogarty. 1992. Mental Health and the Changing Workplace Environment. In Environmental and Occupational Medicine. (editor=?), editor. Little, Brown and Company, Boston. 667-673.

86. Davidoff, A.L. and L. Fogarty. 1994. Psychogenic origins of multiple chemical sensitivities syndrome: a critical review of the research literature. Arch.Environ.Health 49:316-325.

87. Davidoff, A.L. and P.M. Keyl. 1996. Symptoms and health status in individuals with multiple chemical sensitivities syndrome from four reported sensitizing exposures and a general population comparison group. Arch Environ Health 51:201-213.

88. Davidoff, A.L., P.M. Keyl, and W.J. Meggs. 1998. Development of multiple chemical sensitivities in laborers after acute gasoline fume exposure in an underground tunneling operation. Arch Environ Health 53:183-189.

89. Davidoff, L.L. 1989. Multiple chemical sensitivities. The Amicus Journal Winter:13-23.

90. Davidoff, L.L. 1992. Models of multiple chemical sensitivities (MCS) syndrome: using empirical data (especially interview data) to focus investigations. Toxicol.Ind.Health 8:229-247.

91. Day, N. 1995. Danger--hospital at work. Hazards at the Brigham: nurses unite to save their health and alert others. Revolution 5:72-76.

92. Donnay, A. and G. Ziem. 1999. Prevalence and overlap of chronic fatigue syndrome and fibromyalgia syndrome among 100 new patients with multiple chemical sensitivity syndrome. J Chronic Fatigue Syndrome 5:71-80.

93. Donnell, J.H.D., J.R. Bagby, R.G. Harmon, J.R. Crellin, H.C. Chaski, M.F. Bright, M. Van Tuinen, and R.W. Metzger. 1989. Report of an illness outbreak at the Harry S Truman state office building. Am J Epidemiol 129:550-558.

94. Doty, R.L., D.A. Deems, R.E. Frye, R. Pelberg, and A. Shapiro. 1988. Olfactory sensitivity, nasal resistance, and autonomic function in patients with multiple chemical sensitivities. Arch.Otolaryngol.Head.Neck Surg. 114:1422-1427.

95. Doty, R.L. 1994. Olfaction and multiple chemical sensitivity. Toxicol.Ind.Health 10:359-368.

96. Dudley, D. L. Chemical toxicity: A neurometric study of changes in the auditory and visual cognitive evoked potential in response to olfaction. Clin Res 41, 383A. 1993.

97. Duehring, C. 1999. International award winner works in enforced solitude: implications for health care providers [interview by Marlene Jezierski]. J Emerg Nurs 25:69-72.

98. Edgar, R.T., E.J. Fenyves, and W.J. Rea. 1979. Air pollution analysis used in operating an environmental control unit. Ann.Allergy 42:166-173.

99. Ellefson, R.D. and R.E. Ford. 1996. The polyphyrias: characteristics and laboratory tests. [Review] [33 refs]. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 24:Pt 2):S119-25

100. Faust, H.S. and L.B. Brilliant. 1981. Is the diagnosis of "mass hysteria" an excuse for incomplete investigation of low-level environmental contamination? J.Occup.Med. 23:22-26.

101. Felleson, J.A. 1977. New environment for nursing care: the clinical ecology unit. RN 40:49-57.

102. Fernandez, M., I.R. Bell, and G.E. Schwartz. 1999. EEG sensitization during chemical exposure in women with and without chemical sensitivity of unknown etiology. Toxicol Ind Health 15:305-312.

103. Fiedler, N., C. Maccia, and H.M. Kipen. 1992. Evaluation of chemically sensitive patients [see comments]. J.Occup.Med. 34:529-538.

104. Fiedler, N., H.M. Kipen, J. Deluca, K. Kelly-McNeil, and B. Natelson. 1994. Neuropsychology and psychology of MCS. Toxicol.Ind.Health 10:545-554.

105. Fiedler, N., H.M. Kipen, J. Deluca, K. Kelly-McNeil, and B. Natelson. 1996. A controlled comparison of multiple chemical sensitivities and chronic fatigue syndrome. Psychosom Med 58:38-49.

106. Fisherman, E.W. and G. Cohen. 1973. Chemical intolerance to butylated-hydroxyanisole (BHA) and butylated-hydroxytoluene (BHT) and vascular response as an indicator and monitor of drug intolerance. Ann.Allergy 31:126-133.

107. Fisherman, E.W. and G.N. Cohen. 1977. Chronic and recurrent urticaria: new concepts of drug-group sensitivity. Ann.Allergy 39:404-414.

108. Friedman, M.J. 1994. Neurobiological sensitization models of post-traumatic stress disorder: their possible relevance to multiple chemical sensitivity syndrome. Toxicol.Ind.Health 10:449-462.

109. Galland, L. 1987. Biochemical abnormalities in patients with multiple chemical sensitivities. Occup.Med. 2:713-720.

110. Gammage, R., Miller, C. S., and Jankovic, J. Exacerbation of chemical sensitivity associated with new construction: a case study. 2 (Tuesday), 291-296. 1996. The 7th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality and Climate. Indoor Air '96, July 21-26, 1996, Nagoya Japan.

111. Gibson, P. 1993. Environmental Illness/Multiple Chemical Sensitivities: Invisible Disabilities. Women and Therapy 14:171-185.

112. Gibson, P.R., J. Cheavens, and M.L. Warren. 1996. Chemical Sensitivity/Chemical Injury and Life Disruption. Women & Therapy 19:63-79.

113. Gibson, P.R. 1997. Multiple chemical sensitivity, culture and delegitimization: A feminist analysis. Feminism & Psychology 7:475

114. Gibson, P.R., J. Cheavens, and M.L. Warren. 1998. Social support in persons with self-reported sensitivity to chemicals. Res Nurs Health 21:103-115.

115. Gilbert, M.E. 1994. The phenomenology of limbic kindling. Toxicol.Ind.Health 10:343-358.

116. Goffin, V., C. Pierard-Franchimont, and G.E. Pierard. 1996. Sensitive skin and stratum corneum reactivity to household cleaning products. Contact Dermatitis 34:81-85.

117. Gordon, M. 1987. Reactions to chemical fumes in radiology departments. Radiography. 53:85-89.

118. Gordon, M. 1989. Dangers in the darkroom. The Radiographer 36:114-115.

119. Haley, R.W., T.L. Kurt, and J. Hom. 1997. Is there a Gulf War Syndrome? Searching for syndromes by factor analysis of symptoms [see comments]. JAMA 277:215-222.

120. Hall, S.S. 1993. Allergic to the 20th century- May 1993. Hipppocrates 43-52.

121. Haney Davis, T., L. Jason, and M.A. Bangheart. 1998. The effect of housing on individuals with multiple chemical sensitivities. J Primary Prev 19:31-41.

122. Henkin, R.I., P.J. Schechter, R. Hoye, and C.F. Mattern. 1971. Idiopathic hypogeusia with dysgeusia, hyposmia, and dysosmia. A new syndrome. J.A.M.A. 217:434-440.

123. Henry, C.J., L. Fishbein, W.J. Meggs, N.A. Ashford, P.A. Schulte, H. Anderson, J.S. Osborne, and D.W. Sepkovic. 1991. Approaches for assessing health risks from complex mixtures in indoor air: a panel overview. Environ.Health Perspect. 95:135-143.

124. Heuser, G. 1992. Editorial: Diagnostic markers in clinical immunotoxicology and neurotoxicology. J Occup Med & Tox 1:v-x

125. Heuser, G., A. Wodjani, and S. Heuser. 1992. Diagnostic markers in chemical sensitivity. In Multiple Chemical Sensitivities: Addendum to Biologic Markers in Immunotoxicology. AnonymousNational Academy Press, Washington DC. 117-138.

126. Heuser, G., I. Mena, and F. Alamos. 1994. NeuroSPECT findings in patients exposed to neurotoxic chemicals. Toxicol.Ind.Health 10:561-571.

127. Hudnell, H., D. Otto, and D. House. 1993. Time course of odor and irritation effects in humans exposed to a mixture of 22 volatile organic compounds. Proc Indoor Air '93 1:567-572.

128. Hummel, T., S. Roscher, M.P. Jaumann, and G. Kobal. 1996. Intranasal chemoreception in patients with multiple chemical sensitivities: a double-blind investigation. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 24:Pt 2):S79-86

129. Iasnetsov, V.V. and V.A. Pravdivtsev. 1986. [Chemical sensitivity of the neurons of the medial vestibular nucleus to enkephalins, acetylcholine, GABA and L-glutamate]. Kosm.Biol.Aviakosm.Med. 20:53-57.

130. Ignatova, M.S., E.A. Kharina, V.A. Spitsin, V.V. Dlin, E.A. Iur'eva, I.M. Osmanov, and G.P. Raba. 1997. [Ecopathology of the kidneys and individual sensitivity to heavy metal salts]. Ter Arkh 69:44-49.

131. Jarvholm, B. and L. Nilson. 1989. [Multiple chemical sensitivities. A new diagnostic entity?]. Lakartidningen 86:3362-3362.

132. Joellenbeck, L.M., P.J. Landrigan, and E.L. Larson. 1998. Gulf War veterans' illnesses: a case study in causal inference. Environ Res 79:71-81.

133. Johnson, A. R. and Rea, W. J. Review of 200 cases in the environmental control unit, Dallas, Presentation at the 7th International Symposium on Man and His Environment in Health and Disease, February 25-26, 1989. 1989. Dallas, TX. 2-25-1989.

134. Kailin, E. and C. Brooks. 1963. Systemic toxic reactions to soft plastic food containers: a double-blind study [of MCS patients]. Med.Ann.Washington DC 32:1-8.

135. Kailin, E. and A. Hastings. 1966. Electromyographic evidence of DDT-induced myasthenia [in MCS patients]. Med.Ann.Washington DC 35:237-245.

136. Kailin, E. and C. Brooks. 1965. Cerebral disturbances from small amounts of DDT; a controlled study [of MCS patients]. Med.Ann.Washington DC 35:519-524.

137. Kanerva, L. and T. Estlander. 1998. Simultaneous active sensitization to multiple chemicals. Contact Dermatitis 38:174-175.

138. Karr, C., P. Demers, L.G. Costa, W.E. Daniell, S. Barnhart, M. Miller, G. Gallagher, S.W. Horstman, D. Eaton, and L. Rosenstock. 1992. Organophosphate pesticide exposure in a group of Washington State orchard applicators. Environ.Res. 59:229-237.

139. Kay, L. Support for the kindling hypothesis in multiple chemical sensitivity syndrome (MCSS) induction, Presentation at the 26th Annual Meeting of the Society for Neuroscience, Washington DC, November 16-21, 1996. 1996. Society for Neuroscience.

140. Kenyon, J.N. 1986. Food sensitivity, a search for underlying causes. Case study of 12 patients. Acupunct.Electrother.Res. 11:1-13.

141. Kenyon, J.N. 1986. Clinical ecology. Practitioner 230:1095-1103.

142. Keplinger, H. 1994. Patient statement: chemically sensitive. Toxicol.Ind.Health 10:313-317.

143. Khoury, L. and R. Warrington. 1996. The multiple drug allergy syndrome: a matched-control retrospective study in patients allergic to penicillin. J Allergy Clin Immunol 98:462-464.

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